The collective, world-wide effort to combat doping in sport has come a long way since the idea was first conceived by the International Olympic Committee at meetings in Lausanne in 1999 with the creation of the World Anti-Doping Agency.
Four years later, in Copenhagen in 2003, the World Anti-Doping Code (Code) became the core document adopted by the sport movement and governments of the world as the framework for the global harmonised fight against doping in sport.
A revised rewrite of the code was completed in November 2007 in Madrid, which included a commitment to full compliance with the code by all international sports and governments.  Acceptance of this revised 2007 Code commits sport worldwide to do all in its power, individually and collectively, to combat the scourge of doping, and to protect athletes’ rights to safe and fair competition.

World Anti-Doping Code

The International Ice Hockey Federation is a signatory to the Code and follows the Code's mandate in all areas of its Anti-Doping work.

The World Anti-Doping Code (PDF, 885 kB)

Prohibited List

The International Ice Hockey Federation follows the Prohibited List (List) as a signatory to the Code. The List was first published in 1963 under the leadership of the International Olympic Committee. Since 2004, as mandated by the Code, WADA is responsible for the preparation and publication of the List.
The List is a cornerstone of the Code and a key component of harmonisation.
It is an International Standard identifying Substances and Methods prohibited in-competition, out-of-competition, and in particular sports.
2018 Prohibited List (PDF, 257 kB)

Therapeutic Use Exemption

Athletes, like all others, may have illnesses or conditions that require them to take particular medications. If the medication an athlete is required to take to treat an illness or condition happens to fall under the List, a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) may give that athlete the authorisation to take the needed medicine. The criteria for granting a TUE are: 1) the athlete would experience significant health problems without taking the prohibited substance or method, 2) the therapeutic use of the substance would not produce significant enhancement of performance and 3) there is no reasonable therapeutic alternative to the use of the otherwise prohibited substance or method. The IIHF has its own TUE Committee that grants TUEs for international level athletes in ice hockey.
Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) - Standard Form (Word, 43 kB)
International Standard for TUE 2016 (PDF, 312 kB)

The TUE is required for all IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship events, and for all Olympic ice hockey competitions and qualification events.


We would like to introduce you to ADeL. The Anti-Doping e-Learning platform (ADeL) offers access to all topics related to clean sport and anti-doping. It offers courses for athletes, coaches, doctors, administrators and anyone interested in learning more about anti-doping and protecting the values of clean sport. 

ADeL currently includes the following modules: 


This online program gives athletes information about the dangers of doping and the importance of anti-doping controls and promotes positive attitudes to avoiding doping. The tool shifts the focus from what athletes are not allowed to do, to offering solutions for clean progression in sport. By studying all the performance-related areas, such as rest and recovery, training, nutrition and helping athletes to identify where they could do better by on solutions to allow continued progression in a clean way, not to list what is forbidden. The tool also allows athletes to recognize when they are in situations which put them at risk of doping, and provides them with ready-made solutions to resist pressures to dope. 


CoachTrue provides anti-doping education for coaches of elite and recreational-level athletes. It has different modules covering all anti-doping processes as well as tutorials, scenario-based activities and quizzes. 


Sport Physician’s Tool Kit (online) is a streamlined version of the paper based tool kit that allows physicians and other medical personnel to take the course electronically. In addition to covering anti-doping modules specific to sports physicians, there are also three modules covering major games topics, done in collaboration with the IOC. The material contained in the Sport Physician’s Tool Kit (SPTK) is intended to help sport physicians develop anti-doping education programs that can be adapted and customized to suit local cultures, conditions and resources. 


ADO Kickstart is a reference tool that supports administrators in delivering their core anti-doping duties on a daily basis. Step-by-Step processes are outlined with supporting templates, relevant resources for each activity. 


An anti-doping reference guide/booklet for parents seeking more information to ensure healthy athletic development and prevent the use of prohibited substances. This resource is relevant to parents of all levels of athletes from beginner to elite.
WADA's Anti-Doping eLearning Platform (ADeL)
09 MAY 2018

IIHF Registered Testing Pool

The term Registered Testing Pool refers to the pool of top level athletes or teams established by the International Ice Hockey Federation and National Anti-Doping Organisation who are subject to both In-Competition and Out-of-Competition testing as part of the International Ice Hockey Federation or National-Anti-Doping Organisation's test distribution plan.
National Anti-Doping Organisations have identified a pool of athletes who will register in their testing pool. The International Ice Hockey Federation will also identify a pool of athletes and teams who will be identified in their Registered Testing Pool. The players who are in the Registered Testing Pool for their National Anti-Doping Organisation must provide their whereabouts on a regular basis. The players and teams who are part of the Registered Testing Pool of the International Ice Hockey Federation must provide their whereabouts on a regular basis, including all training camps and schedules for the individual players with the team on a 24-hour basis. All players who belong to the International Ice Hockey Federation are subject to both In-Competition and Out-of-Competition testing on a year-round basis. 


Adverse Analytical Finding (AAF), Atypical Findings (ATF) and Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRV)

The term Adverse Analytical Finding (AAF) refers to a report from a World Anti-Doping Agency approved laboratory that indicates the presence of a Prohibited Substance or its metabolites or markers (including elevated quantities of endogenous substances) or evidence of the use of a Prohibited Method.
The term Adverse Analytical Finding does not necessarily imply a positive test as the athlete may have a TUE (Therapeutic Use Exemption), an aTUE (Abbreviated Therapeutic Use Exemption) or may have elevated endogenous substances which are normal for his own system and do not necessarily reflect a positive doping infraction.
It is important to note that the percentage of adverse analytical findings does not identify the potential risk of doping in a sport, but rather reflects adverse findings which need further investigation. These investigations may include a justification of the use of a Prohibited Substance (TUE or aTUE)  or the identification of an endogenous substance which need further testing (i.e. IRMS) or repeat testing on a monthly basis.
An AAF becomes a positive doping infraction only after a thorough investigation following due process, such as a hearing and a determination from the Disciplinary Committee that a doping infraction has occurred.
Please take note that the World Anti-Doping Agency releases early statistics on the number of AAF's in each sport on its website, and lists the percentage of tests which have shown or identified an AAF. This percentage therefore is not an accurate indication of true positive tests, but only of AAF's.


In-Competition Testing in ice hockey is testing that is conducted in connection with an International Ice Hockey Federation World Championship Tournament. The period of In-Competition as defined by the International Ice Hockey Federation is 24 hours before the first face-off of the event.
Season Tests AAFs ADRVs
2003/2004 242 2 0
2004/2005 322 2 2
2005/2006 234 4 3
2006/2007 226 2 1
2007/2008 274 8 4
2008/2009 320 8 3
2009/2010 276* 3 0

* excluding the tests done in the 2010 Olympic Winter Games.
As of 2011, the IIHF changed the format of reporting anti-doping statistics so that atypical findings are also indicated and calendar years are used.
Season Tests AAFs ATFs ADRVs
2011 371 1 9 1
2012 287 0 3 0
2013 270 3 4 2
2014 240 4 0 2
2015 287 3 9 0
2016 322 1 0 0
2017 305 2 0 1

The IIHF served as Testing Authority for the last three seasons as Results Management for KHL tests. 
Season Tests AAFs ATFs ADRVs
2016 249 7 0 0
2017 331 7 0 6

Pre-Olympic Testing PyeongChang 2018

The IIHF is closely working together with the involved National Anti-Doping Organizations (NADOs) for Pre-Olympic Testing in preparations for the 2018 Olympic Winter Games.

Ice Hockey has fairly long Long-Lists of possible players making the team - this is why synergies between the NADOs and the International Ice Hockey Federation are used in the best possible way.

A Task Force was built by the IOC to look at the sports risks testing plans and giving a recommendation to each sport. Together with the NADOs the IIHF is well underway to reach the Task Force’s recommendation.

Click here to find the testing numbers which was the base for the Task Force as well as the testing numbers for each month moving forward to the Games.



World Anti-Doping Agency
Berlinger Special AG